辣木-Moringa oleifera Lam--紫天网|设计产业互联网站
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描述

辣木(学名:Moringa oleifera Lam.)是辣木科辣木属植物,乔木,高3-12米;树皮软木质;枝有明显的皮孔及叶痕,小枝有短柔毛。叶通常为3回羽状复叶,长25-60厘米,在羽片的基部具线形或棍棒状稍弯的腺体。花序广展,长10-30厘米。蒴果细长,每瓣有肋纹3条;种子近球形。花期全年,果期6-12月。

原产于印度,广植于各热带地区。中国广东(广州、儋县)和台湾等地有栽培,常种植在村旁、园地;亦有逸为野生的,产三亚牛尾山大抱杠,生于杂林中。

辣木在热带和亚热带地区栽种作为观赏树,也具有一定的经济价值。它的种子可净化水,出产食用油(在油漆和化妆品制造业中也有一定的价值);辣木叶是中国国家新资源食品,它的根同样可食用。

形态特征

乔木,高3-12米;树皮软木质;枝有明显的皮孔及叶痕,小枝有短柔毛;根有辛辣味。叶通常为3回羽状复叶,长25-60厘米,在羽片的基部具线形或棍棒状稍弯的腺体;腺体多数脱落,叶柄柔弱,基部鞘状;羽片4-6对;小叶3-9片,薄纸质,卵形,椭圆形或长圆形,长1-2厘米,宽0.5-1.2厘米,通常顶端的1片较大,叶背苍白色,无毛;叶脉不明显;小叶柄纤弱,长1-2毫米,基部的腺体线状,有毛。

花序广展,长10-30厘米;苞片小,线形;花具梗,白色,芳香,直径约2厘米,萼片线状披针形,有短柔毛;花瓣匙形;雄蕊和退化雄蕊基部有毛;子房有毛。蒴果细长,长20-50厘米,直径1-3厘米,下垂,3瓣裂,每瓣有肋纹3条;种子近球形,径约8毫米,有3棱,每棱有膜质的翅。花期全年,果期6-12月。



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如果需要植物采购可以联系,电话15889638076也可以去客服官方淘宝店铺和微信公众号,随时欢迎家联系。真实植物购买、设计、养护联系客服。Dieffenbachia picta Lodd Also known as Dai fenye, it is an evergreen shrub like herb with thick and fleshy stems and a plant height of 1.5m. There are many horticultural varieties, and the patterns on the leaves of different varieties are different. Like warm, humid and semi cloudy environment. Not resistant to cold and drought. Conventional propagation is usually divided into plants and cuttings, but mainly cuttings. Native to South America. It is widely cultivated in tropical cities of Guangdong and Fujian in China. Young plants and small potted plants can be placed on the desk and windowsill for viewing. Medium sized potted plants can be placed in the corner of the living room and the edge of the sofa as decoration, making the room full of natural vitality. When it is used to place public places with low brightness, evergreen flowers and leaves still grow normally and green leaves.

The moral of evergreen flowers and leaves

"Evergreen flowers and leaves" is a warm and cheerful person. Because its leaves are bright and vigorous, it will give people a clear and lively feeling. It is suitable for giving it to their friends, colleagues or     people who encounter setbacks. It represents the hope that the other party can face everything bravely. It can be placed indoors during maintenance.

2. Health and longevity: evergreen flowers and leaves is a kind of evergreen, which can be heard from its name. The leaves always remain emerald green and look vibrant, implying health and longevity. I hope people can always be healthy and free from disease. Evergreen flowers and leaves is very suitable for the elderly at home. I wish the elderly health and longevity, longevity, eternal health and youth.

3. Auspiciousness and wishfulness: Although evergreen is a foliage plant, it can also blossom. Its flowering is relatively rare, and the moral is also very good. It symbolizes that it can bring good luck. It can be placed at home and carefully maintained to promote flowering, which is a good omen.
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2022.9.19

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