景观植物异叶南洋杉-Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco)--紫天网|设计产业互联网站
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描述

异叶南洋杉(学名:Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco)是南洋杉科南洋杉属植物,乔木,在原产地高可达50米以上,树干通直,树皮暗灰色,树冠塔形,叶二型:钻形,光绿色,叶片弯曲,通常两侧扁,上面具多数气孔线,有白粉,树及花果枝上的叶排列较密,微开展,基部宽,先端钝圆,雄球花单生枝顶,圆柱形。球果近圆球形或椭圆状球形,苞鳞厚,种子椭圆形,稍扁,两侧具结合生长的宽翅。 

原产于大洋洲诺和克群岛以及澳大利亚东北部诸岛,南美洲、大洋洲及太平洋诸岛的热带及亚热带地区,巴西南部森林中和智利的山区也有分布。世界各地有引种,中国福建、广东等地引种栽培作庭园树用;中国上海、江苏、陕西、北京等地为盆栽。 [2]  喜光,生长适温18-28℃。喜湿润、肥沃、排水良好的壤土。

材质优良,是原产地澳洲及南非主要用材树种,其适应性强,树形高大,姿态优美,与雪松日本金松金钱松巨杉(世界爷)等合称为世界五大公园树,是中国华南地区园林绿化的优良树种,也是适合中国华北地区盆栽的好树种。

形态特征

乔木,在原产地高达50米以上,胸径达1.5米;树干通直,树皮暗灰色,裂成薄片状脱落;树冠塔形,大枝平伸,长达15米以上;小枝平展或下垂,侧枝常成羽状排列,下垂。叶二型:幼树及侧生小枝的叶排列疏松,开展,钻形,光绿色,向上弯曲,通常两侧扁,具3-4棱,长6-12毫米,上面具多数气孔线,有白粉,下面气孔线较少或几无气孔线;大树及花果枝上的叶排列较密,微开展,宽卵形或三角状卵形,多少弯曲,长5-9毫米,基部宽,先端钝圆,中脉隆起或不明显,上面有多条气孔线,有白粉,下面有疏生的气孔线。雄球花单生枝顶,圆柱形。

球果近圆球形或椭圆状球形,通常长8-12厘米,径7-11厘米,有时径大于长;苞鳞厚,上部肥厚,边缘具锐脊,先端具扁平的三角状尖头,尖头向上弯曲;种子椭圆形,稍扁,两侧具结合生长的宽翅。

寓意

1、高尚

南洋杉有着高尚的寓意。因为南洋杉这种植株一年四季都是绿色的,不会像其他植株一样开出鲜艳的花朵,只能安静的待在属于自己的环境中,默默的生长,所以南洋杉有着高尚的寓意,可以衬托其他植株的美丽。

2、坚韧

南洋杉也有着坚韧的寓意。因为南洋杉这种植株具有较强的耐寒性以及耐旱性,既可以在零下二十多度的环境中生长,也可以在三十度的高温环境下存活,所以南洋杉有着坚韧的品格,一般可以用南洋杉赞美一个人的品格。

3、长寿

南洋杉还有着长寿的寓意。因为南洋杉在环境适宜的情况下,可以存活四百多年的时间,所以南洋杉有着长寿的寓意,一般可能将南洋杉种植在庭院或者盆栽种植在家中,有着希望家人身体健康、长命百岁的意思。

4、养护方法

在养护南洋杉时需要为植株提供适量的水分,为植株提供一个较为湿润的生长环境,同时也需要为植株提供适量的养分,提高植株的生长速度,还需要对植株进行适当的修剪,剪去植株生长过密的枝叶,帮助植株节省养分。



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如果需要植物采购可以联系,电话15889638076也可以去客服官方淘宝店铺和微信公众号,随时欢迎家联系。真实植物购买、设计、养护联系客服。Dieffenbachia picta Lodd Also known as Dai fenye, it is an evergreen shrub like herb with thick and fleshy stems and a plant height of 1.5m. There are many horticultural varieties, and the patterns on the leaves of different varieties are different. Like warm, humid and semi cloudy environment. Not resistant to cold and drought. Conventional propagation is usually divided into plants and cuttings, but mainly cuttings. Native to South America. It is widely cultivated in tropical cities of Guangdong and Fujian in China. Young plants and small potted plants can be placed on the desk and windowsill for viewing. Medium sized potted plants can be placed in the corner of the living room and the edge of the sofa as decoration, making the room full of natural vitality. When it is used to place public places with low brightness, evergreen flowers and leaves still grow normally and green leaves.

The moral of evergreen flowers and leaves

"Evergreen flowers and leaves" is a warm and cheerful person. Because its leaves are bright and vigorous, it will give people a clear and lively feeling. It is suitable for giving it to their friends, colleagues or     people who encounter setbacks. It represents the hope that the other party can face everything bravely. It can be placed indoors during maintenance.

2. Health and longevity: evergreen flowers and leaves is a kind of evergreen, which can be heard from its name. The leaves always remain emerald green and look vibrant, implying health and longevity. I hope people can always be healthy and free from disease. Evergreen flowers and leaves is very suitable for the elderly at home. I wish the elderly health and longevity, longevity, eternal health and youth.

3. Auspiciousness and wishfulness: Although evergreen is a foliage plant, it can also blossom. Its flowering is relatively rare, and the moral is also very good. It symbolizes that it can bring good luck. It can be placed at home and carefully maintained to promote flowering, which is a good omen.
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2022.9.19

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